Like his three brothers, he became an oilman. When he married Eliza Carver (Catharine’s sister) on 15 December 1972 at St Marks Church, Myddleton Square, Islington, London, he was living at Compton Street, Clerkenwell and working as an oilman. The witnesses at the wedding were Eliza’s siblings, Henry and Bertha Carver:
William John was the first son of William and Lucy Dee and was born at Upper Clatford, near Andover, on 24 December 1848. Shortly after his birth, the young family exchanged the verdant Hampshire countryside for the grime of Nine Elms, Battersea, London.
William and Catharine did not have any surviving children. However, there was some compensation as in 1881 Catharine’s niece, Annie Louisa Waldren was evidently staying with them. William was trading as an oilman and living at 2 High Street, Upper Clapton, East London. There are several photographs of this corner and the one shown below clearly shows William’s shop front and the stories above where he and Eliza lived.
Robert Henry Dee was William and Lucy Dee’s second son. He was born on 11 December 1851 at Battersea, south London and baptised on 14 March 1852 at St Marys, Battersea..
By 1871, William was lodging at 118 Boundary Road, St John, Hampstead (which curiously was his brother, Thomas’, address in 1891). William was an oil and colourman. On 3 October 1872, he returned to Hampshire to marry Catharine Carver at St Mary’s Church, Andover. He gave his occupation as a warehouseman. The Carver family turned out in force for the wedding as unusually there were five witnesses: Catharine’s brothers, James and Samuel, together with their wives, Emily and Selina and Catharine’s brother-in-law, Frederick Waldren (who married her sister, Ann).
Catharine Carver’s birth certificate
All four of William snr and Lucy Dee’s sons were oilmen at some time and as the oldest, perhaps William was the one who introduced his siblings to this business opportunity. He had several shops in north London and in April 1895 he, together with his brothers, George and Thomas Dee, were incorporated into a large company, Davies and Evans Ltd, becoming a director of that company - which didn’t prevent him from opening more shops. The repeat-business nature of the trade and the need for its products were described in a prospectus:
The following are addresses of the shops from which William traded together with an approximate date of when he leased them:
19 Market Terrace, Chatsworth Road, Lower Clapton: 18802 High Street/Lea Bridge Corner, Upper Clapton: 1880 - 1896142 High Street, Homerton: 1888Nisbet Place (sic), High Street, Homerton (warehouse/6, 10 and 11): 1892 - 1895 (trading as WJ Dee Ltd, Essex Works)73 Union Road, Rotherhithe, Surrey: 1890 - 1895289 Hoxton Street, Hoxton (1905)
From around 1882 until 1894, it appears that William and Eliza were living at 36 Sidney Street, Homerton (shown below):
William’s brother, Robert Henry Dee, died on 20 August 1898. By then, William’s wife, Catharine, had contracted TB and then died on 28 November 1898 after enduring eight months of chronic exhaustion:
By this time, William had left the oil and colour trade and was a licensed victualler, trading from 39 Leather Lane. Twelve weeks after his wife’s death, William married his dead brother’s wife, Eliza:
The marriage certificate, immediately reveals a discrepancy - Eliza stated that her father was Henry Carver and that her maiden name was Eliza Callow. In fact, Callow was her maternal grandmother’s maiden name. Why did she resort to this deliberate deception? This marriage was unlawful. Marriage of in-laws was prohibited. This flouting of the law was with the connivance of some of her family as a brother and sister, William Carver and Bertha Knowles (nee Carver), were witnesses.One can imagine the shuffling of guilty feet when the clergyman intoned, ‘...if either of you know of any impediment why ye may not be lawfully joined together in Matrimony, ye do now confess it’ and then, ‘I, William John Dee, take thee, Eliza Callow, to my wedded wife’. When he re-married, William stated that he was a grocer. Was this because there were potential problems if he had given his present occupation as a licensed victualer? He certainly continued in this trade for in 1900 he was the licensee of ‘The Jolly Butchers’ at 261 Old Street, Shoreditch (see below).
The area at Homerton where many of William’s shops and his home were located. Dark blue indicated “very poor, chronic want” while hatched pink (as at Sidney Road) depicted “fairly comfortable, good ordinary earnings”
William’s life then went into free-fall. On 2 April 1903, he was taken by the police into St Lukes Workhouse, City Road, Holborn from where he was released by order of his wife on 20 May 1903. He had been working as a stall holder. Then, a year later, on 27 May 1904 this order was made:
In 1901, William was a self-employed beer seller at 114 St Annes Road, Mile End Old Town:
It transpired that he had been taken into Holborn Workhouse the previous year because he was considered to be a lunatic or of unsound mind. He had been unwell for two weeks because of ‘worry’ and was a danger to others as he had struck his wife. No other near relative had been afflicted with insanity. His address was 289 Hoxton Street, Hoxton. These were the results of his examination:
As a result, William was committed to Claybury (Lunatic) Aylum on 28 May 1904 and from thence to Croydon Mental Hospital where he died on 9 October 1905. His personal effects amounted to £187 15s 0d.
Intriguingly, on his death certificate William’s occupation was recorded as, ‘oilman of 289 Hoxton Street, London’. The cause of death was general paralysis (of the insane) - GPI. This condition is the result of the sexually transmitted disease, syphilis. William’s affliction may explain his extraordinary behaviour six years earlier when he remarried. Syphilis not only produces unsightly sores, eruptions and rashes in it’s secondary stage but it also affects the mental balance of it’s victims. They may suffer sudden personality swings. Their previous ethical and moral standards undergo a radical transformation. Moods can see-saw from extravagant and grandiose behaviour to abject depression. All of this finally leads to madness, weakness and death. It should also be noted that William had no children of whom I am aware.His will makes unusual reading. His whole estate, including any interest in a Friendly Society, was left to Eliza, “who was formerly the widow of my late brother Robert Henry Dee and sister of my first wife and with whom I have gone through the ceremony of marriage”. As William’s will was sworn in 17 January 1900, the couple clearly knew what they were doing when they married.The two women in his life both married within a few years of William’s death:
Note that the 1911 census shown above that both Frederick and Eliza were described as oil and colour men. I think this explains why William was noted in records as an oilman in 1905 when he was clearly in no fit state to trade. There is a trade directory in 1905 that describes him as such at 289 Hoxton Street. I believe that Eliza was running the business in her husband’s name.
Ada Humphrey, nee Dee
Robert and Eliza had a daughter, Eliza Lucy, who was born in 1878 but who died when aged five. In October 1880 there was an incident which illustrated the potantial danger of working and living around flammable materials:
In 1881, Robert, Eliza and Eliza Lucy were living at 89 Aldenham Street (near Euston Station):
A second daughter, Ada, was born in 1885. Six years later, in 1891, the family was living at 19 Stibbington Street, Somers Town, St Pancras:
St Pancras Station
In 1898 the Booth Report noted about this area, “the small block bounded by Aldenham Street and Stibbington Street is one of the worst areas in the whole of the subdivision. It has improved somewhat and the police give it a fair character as regards criminality, but it remains a dark if not very black corner of London….Stibbington Street comprises homes and a few shops, Aldenham Street is more of a thoroughfare”By August 1898, Robert had left the oil and colour trade and was working for the London and North Western Railway.